grow mint at home
Herbs

How to Grow Mint (Pudina) or Mentha at Home in India

Mint or Mentha (from Greek μίνθα míntha) is a perennial herb possessing widespread underground and surface stolons. The leaves of this herb are erect and square with branched stems. Leaf color varies from dark green and gray-green to purple to even blue and pale yellow. The use of mint is widespread for culinary purposes. The herb also famous for its direct medicinal benefits but its major use is in aromatherapy because of its enticingly cool smell.

Therefore, due to its varied uses in every field the herb must be available almost at a regular interval. This is possible only when you grow mint in your very own, personalized garden. In this article we will give you a knowledge of how to grow mint in your own house with minimum effort and expense. Off we go!

Types (Variety) of Mints

  1. Spear Mint
  2. Pepper Mint
  3. Apple Mint
  4. Lavender Mint
  5. Basil Mint
  6. Chocolate Mint

The most common variety of mint out of these are the Spear Mint and the Pepper Mint. The other varieties are available but not in abundance. They are quite rare and difficult to spot.

Guided Steps to grow Mint Indoors

There are few easy steps to grow the plant at your very own house.

Step 1 : Acquiring a Mint Seedling

1. Buy mint seedlings from your local market

Mint seedlings are very difficult to obtain. Nevertheless, you can just walk into your local market or the local nursery and find a trustworthy person to help you select the correct variety of mint. Search for a seedling which is already 3 to 4 inches tall. Spearmint and Peppermint is the common variety of mint available in the market. Drinks like mojitos and hot chocolates uses the leaves as a taste enhancer.

2. Grow a new plant from the cutting of an already existing plant

Cut a 4 cm sprig from an already existing mint plant 1.3 com above a junction. Place the trimmed part in a glass of water and wait for about a week for the cuttings to germinate. Small white roots start to germinate under water. Have patience for another 2 to 7 days to allow the roots to develop.

Special care in this context:

  • Add water to the glass as and when it is required.
  • Change the water in the glass every 4 to 5 days to avoid unhealthiness of the trimming.

3. Use a runner from an already existing plant to initiate a new growth

 “Runners” are long stems that grow away from a mint plant. Runners burrow their own roots in the ground, which means they can be removed with care and transplanted into a new pot. Look for a runner, and dig gently to remove it from the ground and then transplant it in your garden with utmost care.

Step 2 : Planting the Mint

1. Choose the best time to plant the herb

The ideal time to plant the herb is during the spring or winter, if it does not snow in your locality. You can grow this herb in every type of climate as it is resilient to all kinds of temperatures but ample precautions must be taken to avoid any kind of unsuccessful ventures.

2. Transplant the seedling or the sprig into a container

Transplanting this herb into a pot is the best way for the plant growth because it is always accessible to you and it can be used in the kitchen as an when it is required. The roots of this plant grows deeper into the soil and hence it can not be grown with other plants. For a healthy growth of the seedling or sprig use a 12 to 16 inch wide pot for a single plant.

3. Plant the rooted seedling just below the soil

Plant the seedlings 15cm apart as this will help the plant to germinate and breathe easily and comfortably.

4. Choose a location with ample sunlight for your plant

Choose an area for your plant which receives partial sunlight and shade during the afternoon so that the plant does not wilt. Keep the soil moist and deep for better plant growth.

5. Submerge the container if you are planting it in a flower bed

If you are planting your plant in a flower bed you should plant the herb at least 5 inches deep into the soil. You can plant the herb in its own raised bed container as well, on a bare spot in your garden, or section off a part of your garden with bricks or timbers to create a barrier for the plant.

Step 3: Caring for your Plant

  1. Water the plant very often.
  2. Keep the soil moist for the roots to grow deeper.
  3. Trim the top of the plant
  4. Split your plant every two or three years
  5. Spray Fungicide on the plant if it gathers rust.
  6. Watch out for pests and diseases by using organic fertilizers and pesticides.

Step 4: Harvesting the Plant

  1. Mint grows best from soil transplant.
  2. Plant the herb in fertile, well-drained soil.
  3. Harvest the fresh green leaves in the early Spring or late Autumn.
  4. Harvest Mint each year before the winter season so that frost can be avoided.
  5. Do not let the plant dry out.
  6. Hang the stem upside down to dry for harvesting.
  7. Save the leaves in an airtight container or jar or even a small plastic bag will do.

How to Use the Mint

This herb can be used in multitudinous ways. Some common uses of the herb are listed below:

  • This herb is ideally used as complimentary dish to any preparations of meat products, fish or lamb.
  • Use it to spice up any vegetable dishes like carrots, beet, salads because it adds flavor to the dish.
  • Spice up salads using mint leaves in addition to the other spices in the salad to increase its tangy taste.
  • Use them in various drinks such as Mojito because it can increase the drink’s taste as well as its presentation.

Mint is an extremely necessary plant for culinary uses. In conclusion, we can say that Mint is comparatively easier to harvest, store and grow. Happy growing!

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