- 1 Stepwise Guide on How to Grow Hydroponic Potatoes at Home
- 2 Harvesting and Care for Hydroponic Potatoes
- 3 The Advantages of Growing Hydroponic Potatoes
- 4 How much does it Cost?
The Hydroponic System of growing plants is an innovative system where the soil is not used for the growth of the plants. In place of soil, one must use a particular medium to support the plant and put it on a Hydroponic.
A Hydroponic System is a process of growing plants in nutrient-rich water instead of soil. In this system, most plants are suspended in a net pot and grown above water, while the roots of the plant reach out through the net to the water solution. Hydroponic Systems are used to grow food crops at home. It is also used by the farmers to grow crops for almost thousands of years down the line. Today, I will give you a complete stepwise guide on How to grow Hydroponic Potatoes at your own home.
The word Hydroponics is a combination of two words, namely:
Hydro (Water) + Ponics (Labor)
Therefore, Hydroponics is a way in which one gets the fruit of his labor through the use of water, rather than soil. Hence, it is a super cost effective and eco friendly way to grow crops.
In this article, I will help you through the process of growing Potatoes through Hydroponics. So, Let’s get started!
Stepwise Guide on How to Grow Hydroponic Potatoes at Home
If you lack the suitable garden space to grow your veggies you must not worry at all. This system of cultivation is the best way out for you. The hydroponic method of cultivation is the best for you if you lack time because it aids in growing crops better than the conventional methods.
Potatoes are the best crops to grow with this system as they require a lot of water and at least 6 hours of sunlight per day. The running water draining across the system won’t affect the growth of the plants.
Appropriate System for the growth of Potatoes through the use of Hydroponics
The best system to grow potatoes is the one which will have a continuous and steady flow of water through it. A simple system can be very easily made from a plastic container. The container must have 1/4 inch diameter holes drilled in its sides spaced all a few inches apart all the way around the container. These holes must be 2 inches up from the container’s bottom. The container should be 10 inches deep and filled with perlite solution.
NFT System of growing Hydroponic Potatoes
In this system we have to use PVC pipes to build up an NFT (Nutrient Film Technique). the idea behind this system is a small but constant and continuous flow of water throughout the entire system. As a result, the roots will sit in and the plants will have a continuous amount of oxygen supply through the water.
The plants will grow well in perlite, vermiculite solutions. Expanded clay balls might also do the job well. These solutions will support water. Put them in little plastic cups to prevent washing away of the solution. Let the roots of the plant grow into the stream of water next.
Preferable Solution to Grow hydroponic potatoes
The nutrient mixtures can vary with the farming method. Fertilize the plants once a week with a a teaspoon of fertilizer. It should contain about 20-20-20 micro nutrients in a gallon of water. As a result, the sprouts would grow pretty fast and healthy. Hence, it is a pretty cost-effective method to grow any kinds of crops.
Requirements to Grow Hydroponic Potatoes
- Optimal pH level – 5.8 to 6.2
- Optimal Temperatures – 18 to 23 degree Celsius
- Sunlight Requirement – 10 to 12 hours maximum. Minimum 6 hours of direct sunlight is necessary.
Stepwise Guide of the Process to Grow Hydroponic Potatoes
- Buy certifies seed potatoes from a local nursey or online. These seeds are better as they grow well and easier than the potatoes from the local store. They often carry a lot diseases and are often used to prevent sprouting.
- The potatoes must be cut in the shape of an egg and must have at least two eyes. Move the plastic bin where you will plant the potatoes to a place which gets at least 6 hours of sunlight each day. Drill holes in the container of 1/2 inch each at an interval of 1 inch each at a height of about 2 inches from the bottom of the container.
- Pour in the Perlite into the plastic container leaving 2 inches space at the top. It is a type of crushed volcanic rock. As it is available at most stores it the ideal medium to grow hydroponic potatoes.
- Start pouring water into the bin until it starts to overflow from the holes below. Plant the seeds in perlite abut 1 inches deep. Place them 6 inches apart and cover the bin. Cover it up until the new sprouts began to grow after almost two weeks. Remove the cover and water the plants after 3 to 4 days.
- Add liquid fertilizer every week to the plants after they sprouting out. Mix a spoon of 20-20-20 fertilizer in approximately one gallon of water. Pour in the fertilizer in the water and water it regularly till it starts pouring out of the holes in the bottom of the container.
Harvesting and Care for Hydroponic Potatoes
Ordinary tap water should be used to water the potatoes after every 3 to 4 days. This is done to prevent the perlite from drying and shriveling up. When the seeds have sprouted water them usually and give them a supply of the suitable fertilizer.
When the plants have reached 18 inches in height just make sure to use a potassium-based fertilizer instead of others. This will help in the boost of the tubers.
Harvest the potatoes after 3 more weeks after the death of the vines and the tubers which are tender in nature after 70 days after the planting period.
The Advantages of Growing Hydroponic Potatoes
The most important point while growing Hydroponic potatoes is that the plants are not close to the soil and hence all the issues which are related to the soil are not pertinent in this scenario. The problems of pest attacks and various other allied problems like salt build up due to soil fertilization and excess or low drainage of soil can also be avoided. It also facilitates the growth of plants in your very own indoor hydroponic system and is cost effective as well.
You can just go ahead and enjoy yourself by planting other crops like tomatoes and other potatoes even when its not the season for so. The issues related to apt and appropriate temperature and lighting can be solved as well as hydroponic potatoes are quite flexible to grow in all types of conditions.
How much does it Cost?
Yes, there are expenses involved while setting up and installing of artificial lighting and temperature system. the energy required in setting up of temperature is also high as well. Yet, the end product is useful and is quite cost effective once you produce crops in bulk and eventually get the hang of it.
This was my article on how to Grow Hydroponic potatoes at Home. Hope so you’ll like it. I will come back with the next one. Till then, Happy growing!
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