how to grow broccoli at home

How to Grow Broccoli at Home in India (Step by Step Guide)

Broccoli is an edible plant that is green in color. It belongs to the cabbage family. The parts of the plant which are edible are the leaves, stem, and stalk which can be eaten as a whole vegetable. Broccoli can be eaten either raw or cooked. It is a rich source of Vitamin C and Vitamin K. Hence, it is extremely necessary to have your very own Broccoli plant at Home. So in this article, we will share how you can grow broccoli at Home in India.

Broccoli means the Flowering Crest of cabbage in Italian. It results from the breeding and cultivation of Brassica crops in the northern Mediterranean around 6 Century BCE. Hence, it has a fairly primitive origin and people ate it for many years down the line. Broccoli is preserved better by steaming, stir-frying, and microwaving the vegetable.

A lot of Indian foods use Broccoli as a substitute for Cauliflower. Broccoli constitutes a large part of the salads along with other vegetables because it is highly nutritious. Hence, it is extremely essential to have a Broccoli garden at your disposal. We will provide you with ample step-by-step knowledge about how to grow Broccoli at Home in India.

Step by Step Guide to the growth of Broccoli at Home

In this article, I will provide you with four easy steps to grow Broccoli at Home in India. Let’s get started!

Step 1: Choose a Sunny area and prepare the Soil

Broccoli is a sun-loving plant. It requires adequate sunlight for its healthy growth and well-being. Therefore, one needs to plant these veggies under the sun in order to get phenomenal results! Plant the bed of the plant in a garden which gets the maximum amount of sun. Prepare the soil with a robust dose of manure and compost which supplies nutrients like Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium. Hence, a mixture of these elements is needed to get a healthy and steady growth of Broccoli.

Step 2: Plant the Broccoli in the Garden Bed

Before planting the plant in the garden you need to check whether the soil has a pH between 6.0 and 7.0. One can adjust the soil’s pH by adding different nutrients. You also need to check whether the soil lacks any nutrients. You can supply the deficient nutrient to the soil as well.

•When the pH level of the soil is below 6.0, one needs to add acid compost.  

• When the pH level of the soil is above 7.0, one needs to mix granular sulfur with the soil.

The soil must be extremely fertile and well-drained. Mix a bit of manure to increase the fertility of your soil. You can use several organic fertilizers like alfalfa, manure, and cottonseed to aid in the growth of the Broccoli. Sow the seeds of the plant outdoors in a place with direct sunlight. Smoothen the soil with a rake.

Sow the seeds 2 to 3 weeks before the Spring season. You need to thin the outdoor seedlings when they reach 2.5 cm of height. This is done to give the plants their required breathing space. In order to give the plants, their breathing arena one must provide at least a space of 30 to 60 cm in between the plants. This prevents any kind of overcrowding and encroachment of other broccoli plants over the other plants.

Step 3: Cultivation of the Broccoli plant

An adequate level of moisture is needed for the healthy growth of the plant. So, water the plants every day. Supply the plants with adequate levels of liquid sanitizer every two weeks. You need to be careful and weed the soil every day for the steady and fast growth of the veggies.

Step 4: Harvest with a very sharp knife

Broccoli takes about sixty to seventy days to mature. After seventy days it is ready to be harvested. Harvest the green flowers rather than the yellow buds. Use a very sharp knife for the process of harvesting. Cut the clustered heads off the stalk but do not cut it way too below the flowering head. Hence, one must remember to plant the rest of the plant to get amazing results. This will sprout new flowers for the next season.

Care for the Broccoli Plant

Fertilizer Requirement

Low nitrogen fertilizer is required for amazing optimal results.

Watering Requirement

Broccoli is a cold-weather crop and hence needs a lot of water for its healthy growth. Water the plant beds every week to make the plants healthy.


Apply a thin layer of mulch to the plant surface to supply the plants with an adequate amount of nutrients to the plant. Thick mulch layers would prevent air from reaching the plant and can suffocate the plants as well. Hence, mulching is essential to provide breathing space for the plants and it, in turn, keeps the temperature of the soil down.

Covering with nets

Broccoli plants are prone to a plethora of air-borne and other kinds of pests. In order to protect the plants from pest attacks, one must put a layer of netting above the plants.


It can be safely concluded that Broccoli plants can be grown at home as easily as the other vegetables with proper care and manure. Though the plants are more prone to pest attack and are very vulnerable still with ample care we can get pretty amazing and healthy results.

Hope that you will like my article. I will be back with another article pretty fast and soon enough. Till then, Happy Growing!

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