egg plant grow

How to Grow Brinjal (Eggplant) at Home [Step by Step]

Eggplant, Aubergine, or Brinjal is a very popular plant species of the nightshade family. It is a perennial plant. As a member of the Solanum genus, Eggplant belongs to the same family of tomato, chili pepper, and potato. It has culinary properties that have influenced almost every cuisine of the world. Brinjals have ample amounts of rich minerals and dietary properties like iron, calcium, fiber. It is a great diet food which is extremely beneficial to one’s health. The health benefits of consuming Brinjal in one’s everyday diet are immense. In this scenario, only one thing crops up in mind i.e., How to Grow Brinjal (Eggplant) at Home.

Therefore, it is extremely necessary for one to have a Brinjal plant which will come in handy for one’s kitchen. Brinjal is a power food that is used in almost all Indian Cuisines. Hence, a potted plant or a garden of brinjal plants will come in handy at your house.

Today I will guide you through a step-by-step process on How to Grow Brinjal (Eggplant) at Home. In this article, you will get the full idea about how to grow and care for your very own Brinjal plant.

Features of Brinjal Plant

  • Life Cycle : Annual
  • Height : 60-120cm
  • Width : 5-10 cm wide
  • Flowering Season: Generally flowers after 2.5 to 3 months of planting
  • Flowers: White flowers with purple hue
  • Fruit: Red to Dark Purple
  • Propagation: Generally propagated with the help of seeds.

Requirements of Growing Brinjal (Eggplant) at Home

  • Sunlight – It requires direct sunlight for 6 to 8 hours a day.
  • Water – Requires an ample amount of water to keep the soil moist throughout the day.
  • Sowing Season – It can be ideally sown 1 week before the onset of the Cold season.

A Step by Step guide on How to Grow Brinjal (Eggplant) at Home

Step 1 – Preparation of the Pot

Grow Brinjal (Eggplant) at Home
Grow Brinjal (Eggplant) at Home
  • While growing brinjal you need to plan the potting process pretty carefully. You need a single pot for two seeds. Use plastic pots for the convenience of portability. Each pot should have a capacity of 20 liters and each plant must be placed 1 foot apart for the purpose of healthy growth.
  • Use clay pots if you want a better harvest of Brinjal as clay pots absorb a lot of heat. Warm temperatures facilitate the growth of the Brinjal plant. Choose a glazed pot if you think that it is impossible for you to water the plants frequently.
  • Use clay pots so that it is easy to support the Brinjal’s weight. Choose pots with drainage holes so that they do not retain water. Much water can eventually cause root rot of the Brinjal Plant. Scrub the pot and make sure to drain any excess water before planting the seeds.
  • For the ideal and healthy growth of the plant combine one part of potting soil and one part of sand. Mix a bit of compost for better growth. Use a 5-10-5 fertilizer to see effective results.

Step 2 – Plantation of Seeds in the Pot

Plantation of Seeds in the Pot
Plantation of Seeds in the Pot
  • Place the soil loosely in your pot. Dig a hole and plant two seeds in each pot to maximize the chance of sprouting of plants. Cover the seeds with soil lightly. Do not pack the seeds inside with force.
  • Keep the pot near a window so that it gets direct sunlight throughout the day for at least 8 hours.
  • They must always be moist. The plant should not be waterlogged rather the soil should be moist and the extra water will automatically drain out of the pot through the hole below the pot. Excess water can cause root rot.
  • After some time seedlings will sprout. Pull out the weaker seedling and let the stronger seedling thrive.

Step 3 – Transplantation of Brinjal outside

  • Prepare the plants for transplantation as soon as they reach 15 cm of height. Place the pots outdoors where they get a lot of sunlight as brinjal plants need a warm climate to grow healthy and strong.
  • Set up a staking system in your pot. Fill the pot with soil and make sure that the stake or tomato cage is tightly packed up together. Leave a one-inch space between the pot’s rim and the surface of the soil.
  • The extra seedling must be removed for better attention to the new pot. Put the seedling in the new pot and keep it as upright as possible. After this cover the seedling with a bit of potting soil to keep it fixed in a straight position.
  • Once the plant is settled in new pot water it nicely so as to keep the soil moist all the time.

Caring Tips on How to Grow Brinjal (Eggplant) at Home

  • Place the pot in the sunniest spot in your garden. Brinjal grows the best under direct sunlight.
  • Brinjal plants need to watered many times every day. It loses moisture pretty fast and that moisture deficiency must be fulfilled by watering the plants often. The soil must stay hydrated all the time as it will receive ample sunlight and dry up pretty fast. Excessive watering can cause root rot as well. Therefore, keep watering under a bit of moderation.
  • Everyone on two weeks later adds fertilizer to the soil. This will help your plant to get the best and choicest nutrients. Use an N-P-K fertilizer with a 5-10-5 ratio to get the best out of your brinjal garden. Do not use fertilizer directly. Use water with the fertilizer so that it is a bit easy on the plants.
  • Keep a cutworm collar on the plant to get rid of the Cutworms. Use an organic pesticide to prevent the recurrence of cutworm attacks in the future.

Harvesting Brinjal (Eggplant) at Home

Harvesting Brinjal (Eggplant) at Home
Harvesting Brinjal (Eggplant) at Home
  • Start the harvest once your Brinjal starts to develop a glossy appearance. your Brinjal Plant will be ready after 2 to 3 months of the planting of seeds.
  • Remove the Brinjal from its vine with the help of a Knife and remember to keep the stem short at the time of harvesting of the vegetable.

Hope you liked this article. I will be back in a jiffy with the next one. Till then, Happy Growing!

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